The Decline and Fall of the Phoenician Civilization

The Phoenician civilization flourished during the late bronze and early iron age, becoming a major power in the Mediterranean region.

The Phoenician-Persian Connection

The Phoenician-Persian connection was an important part of the ancient world, with the Phoenicians acting as middlemen for many empires.

Phoenician Navigation and Seafaring

The Phoenicians were renowned for their seafaring and navigation skills.

Phoenician Colonies

The origins of Phoenician colonization can be traced back to the second millennium BCE, when evidence suggests that they had contact with both Italy and Spain.

The Phoenician Religious Beliefs

The Phoenicians had a polytheistic religion, worshipping many gods and goddesses.

The Phoenician Alphabet and Writing System

The Phoenician alphabet is widely considered to be the first true alphabet, and it was developed by the Phoenicians around 1000 BC.

The Phoenician Economy and Trade

The Phoenicians were the first to bring about a true transformation of the Mediterranean region through their commerce.

The Phoenician Civilization: An Overview

The Phoenicians were a Semitic people who originated in the Levant region of the Middle East.

Break It Down Now: Postmodernism and Beyond

Postmodernism is a late-20th century style that spanned art, literature, and philosophy.

Making It New with Literary Modernism

In the 1880s, writers abandoned realism and started experimenting with new, unconventional ways of writing, inspired by emerging philosophies and ways of understanding the human experience.

Nothing But the Truth: The Victorian Era & Literary Realism

The term ‘Victorian literature’ describes English literature written during the reign of Queen Victoria, from 1837 to 1901.

Isn’t It Romantic(ism)?

Romantic literature – not to be confused with Romance literature – describes written works created during Romanticism, also called the Romantic movement or Romantic era.